Notes on lymphoma

Lymphoma can be found at any gender, age, however, the cure rate is high if treated properly.
Lymphoma is a group of cancers of the lymphatic system, which is part of the body's immune system, including malignant lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease. Professor Nguyen Ba Duc, former director of the Central Hospital K, Vice President of Vietnam Cancer Prevention Association shared what he needed to know about lymphoma.

Causes and risk factors

According to Professor Nguyen Ba Duc, the exact cause of lymphoma cancer is still unknown. However, common risk factors are: Immunodeficiency, such as HIV infection, long-term immunosuppressant medications due to organ transplantation, and infection with certain types of bacteria such as HP infection. to gastritis, exposure to chemicals, radiation ...

In addition, if a close relative with lymphoma has a higher risk of developing lymphoma than others.

For people who often live in polluted environments, expose themselves to organic solvents, plant protection products, hair dyes, additives and ... with the risk of virus infection. and get lymphoma.

People who have an unscientific diet also reduce the function of the body, cause liver and kidney failure, slow down the metabolism and metabolism in the body, cause accumulation of lymphocytes and transform into cancer.


Professor Nguyen Ba Duc points out that early stage lymphoma is usually painless. To detect the disease early, patients need to pay close attention to the health status, to the hospital to have regular check-ups. The early stage cancer treatment is more effective than the late, metastatic stage.

At a later stage, the main symptom is enlarged lymph nodes in any position such as neck, armpit, groin, elbow joint, chest, abdomen ...

In addition, patients often suffer from chronic cough, shortness of breath, night sweats, loss of appetite, weight loss, itching all over the body ...

Patients with malignant lymphoma also exhibit anemia. Immunodeficiency is a condition in most patients with lymphoma that leads to infections in the central nervous system, meningitis or brain cysts.


For people with lymphoma, the treatment is different, but the most common is chemotherapy. In some types can be combined with immunotherapy or radiation therapy.

During chemotherapy, lymphoma patients will receive chemotherapy to kill cancer cells, but it also affects some normal cells, such as blood cells. Thus, complications such as anemia and infection may occur.

In some countries around the world, doctors can treat lymphoma cancer by stem cell transplantation or other treatments. Depending on the case, stage of illness, type of disease, the patient's condition ... the prognosis of each patient will be different. The survival rate for young people is better than older people.

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